The mandate of UNMIS Human Rights is based on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1590, which mandated UNMIS to assist the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in the protection of the human rights of all people of Sudan and called on UNMIS to ensure an adequate human rights presence, and expertise within the mission to carry out human rights promotion, civilian protection and monitoring activities.
The UNMIS Human Rights Office falls under the responsibility of the Principal Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General, and also maintains links with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Geneva with the UNMIS Human Rights Director serving as the High Commissioner’s Representative in Khartoum. UNMIS Human Rights coordinates its work with the Human Rights Section of the United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) with regard to issues that fall under both missions’ mandates.
UNMIS Human Rights has offices in Khartoum, the Three Areas subject to special CPA arrangements (Abyei, Damazin and Kadugli) and Southern Sudan (Juba, Malakal, Rumbek and Wau).
Investigate, monitor and report on the human rights situation in Sudan, in an impartial manner, and recommend corrective actions to the Government of National Unity and the Government of Southern Sudan.
- Monitor and provide human rights training to the police, prosecution and judicial authorities, which are responsible for ensuring accountability for human rights abuses at the local and national level.
- Visit and monitor places of detention to follow up on specific cases, with a focus on the legality of detentions and ill-treatment and/or torture of detained persons.
- Support government and civil society in reporting to the oversight bodies of human rights treaties signed and ratified by Sudan.
- Contribute to the strengthening of human rights and the rule of law through the provision of legal advice with regard to the drafting of legislation.
- Support the establishment of a National Human Rights Commission, as required by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Support the newly established Southern Sudan Human Rights Commission as well as parliamentary human rights committees at the national, regional and state levels.
- Facilitate official visits of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights Situation in Sudan, an independent expert appointed by the United Nations Human Rights Council.
- Empower and strengthen the capacity of Sudanese civil society actors in the area of human rights.