Closure of UNMIS
UNMIS wound up its operations on 9 July 2011 with the completion of the interim period agreed on by the Government of Sudan and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed on 9 January 2005.
The mission ended its six years of mandated operations the same day South Sudan declared independence, following a CPA-provided referendum on 9 January 2011 that voted overwhelmingly in favour of secession.
In support of the new nation, the Security Council established a successor mission to UNMIS – the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) – on 9 July for an initial period of one year, with the intention to renew for further periods as required.
19 Jun 2011
17 June 2011 - Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) military aircraft dropped two bombs within a kilometer of UNMIS headquarters in Kadugli today.
No casualties were reported from the bombs, which were dropped 500 metres to one kilometer from the UNMIS compound perimeter by an SAF Antonov plane, but the mission condemned the action, stating that it put the lives of peacekeepers at risk.
"The excessive use of bombardment recently is threatening our presence and putting the lives of civilians at high risk," said UNMIS spokesperson Kouider Zerrouk.
This closely followed an earlier incident where two jet fighters dropped 11 bombs in Kauda, targeting an airfield near the UNMIS base in the area.
The bombing campaign, using Antonov bombers and fighter jets, has been continuing in the capital Kadugli and other areas in the embattled state since the fighting started between SAF and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) on 6 June.
The UN also strongly condemned the detainment and abuse of four peacekeepers in Kadugli on 16 June, by soldiers of the SAF.
"The Sudanese Armed Forces, the Sudan People's Liberation Army [SPLA] and other armed groups must immediately stop intimidating and harassing UN staff, who are critical to provide the necessary humanitarian assistance to the vulnerable populations," said UN Spokesperson Martin Nesirky.
He said security and the humanitarian situation in Southern Kordofan remained of very serious concern amid intermittent fighting, shelling and military build-up in various areas of the state.